WHO INVENTED THE FAHRENHEIT AND CELSIUS TEMPERATURE SCALES AND WHAT ZERO DEGREES FAHRENHEIT SIGNIFIES

Firmly entrenched in American society, the seemingly capricious nature of the Fahrenheit temperature scale could lead one to think that its Dutch inventor, Daniel Fahrenheit, pulled the number for the freezing point (32°F) of water out of his hat. But, in fact, its designation, as well as that of 0°F were precisely (for the early 18th century) calculated based upon deliberate choices about how to establish fixed points of temperature.

Engineer, physicist and glass blower, Fahrenheit (1686-1736) decided to create a temperature scale based upon three fixed temperature points – that of freezing water, human body temperature, and the coldest point that he could repeatably cool a solution of water, ice and a kind of salt, ammonium chloride. It is generally thought he chose these three points based on an older temperature scale created by Ole Christensen Rømer (1644-1710) 20 years earlier.

Under Rømer’s system, brine (the salt-/ice- water mixture) freezes at 0°, water at 7.5°, normal human body temperature was 22.5° and water’s boiling point was 60°. Desiring to make calculations easier (i.e., produce fewer fractions), and to increase the precision of the scale by increasing the number of distinguishable parts within it (granularity), Fahrenheit decided to multiply each value by a factor of about 4, and set to work.

According to his published article on the subject, he started with the brine and a blank thermometer; he then assigned the point where the thermometer was the lowest as 0°F. Next, he placed the thermometer in still water just as ice was beginning to form, and eventually assigned this 32°F. He then measured human body temperature and assigned this 96°F. He ultimately chose these two numbers, as opposed to 30°F (7.5*4) and 90°F (22.5*4) in no small part due to the fact that the 64 degrees between the two points made marking lines on the thermometer easier (due to the six equal intervals).

As water (at sea level and standard atmospheric pressure) boils at about 212°F in the original scale, 180° above its freezing point, this number was eventually defined as the scale’s exact boiling point of water. This more precise definition ultimately forced a slight adjustment of normal body temperature to about 98°F from 96°F. (Of course, “normal” body temperature is a bit of a misnomer here, with it varying from person to person, and even varying quite a bit in an individual based on a variety of factors such as time of day, age, etc., commonly ranging between about 97°F and 99°F.)

ThermometerAs for the Celsius temperature scale, it has been around for almost as long as Fahrenheit, but it wasn’t nearly as widely used as today until the conversion of most of the world to the metric system in the 1960s and 1970s.

Anders Celsius (1701-1744) was also a physicist, as well as an astronomer and mathematician. Interested in atmospheric sciences, in 1742 Celsius published his finding that the freezing point of water was independent of latitude (something previously debated); he also developed a consistent method of calculating the boiling point of water as barometric pressure changes.

To accommodate his findings, bring even more rationality to measuring temperature, and avoid negative numbers, Celsius designed his own temperature scale, and assigned 100°C as the freezing point of water and 0°C as its boiling point at sea level (and no, that’s not a typo).  Celsius’ colleague from Uppsala University, Carl Linnaeus (of thefamous taxonomy) is reputed to be responsible for reversing the numbers.

Specifically, in the 1730s, Linnaeus built an orangery (a kind of conservatory originally erected to grow citrus fruits) in Uppsala. In order to maintain the proper temperature for his exotic plants, he needed an accurate thermometer, which he ordered from the Swedish instrument maker, Daniel Ekström. It was delivered in December of 1745, and in a contemporaneous publication, Linnaeus noted that “our thermometer shows 0 (zero) at the point where water freezes and 100 degrees at the boiling-point of water.” As this is the earliest record of having switched the degrees to the modern form, Linnaeus is often given credit for the idea.

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

One trick you may or may not have picked up about Gmail is that you can add in periods anywhere in the front part of your address and it makes no difference whatsoever: john.smith@gmail.com works just the same as johnsmith@gmail.com. What’s more, you can add a plus sign and any word before the @ sign (e.g. johnsmith+hello@gmail.com) and messages will still reach you. If these tweaks make no difference, then why use them? One major reason: filters.

Here are a few ways you can make use of the feature to bring order to the chaos of your inbox.

Signing up for newsletters

The next time you sign up for a newsletter, app or website, use an address like johnsmith+news@gmail.com. That way, you can filter out everything sent to this address to a low-priority label or folder. A couple of options available to you are to have Gmail mark all these messages as unimportant, or categorize them all as Updates.

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

If you want to get really involved with your email management then you could even add a specific word for everything you sign up for: johnsmith+evernote@gmail.com for example. This might eventually become more trouble than it’s worth, but it does give you the power to instantly send emails from a certain source to the spam folder, or to trash them immediately.

Giving friends VIP status

As well as marking some messages as unimportant, you can of course do the opposite. Try handing out an alternative email address—such as john.smith@gmail.com—to your nearest and dearest to help them stand out from the dross that usually fills up your inbox. Then set up a filter to mark these messages as important and top priority.

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

There’s the mobile aspect to consider too. Through the settings in the Gmail app for Android it’s possible to set notifications on a label-by-label basis, so if you set up a new label for your VIP contacts then you can make sure only these specific messages trigger an alert on your phone.

Dividing work life and personal life

You may already have a separate Google account for your job, but if you’re someone who combines work and pleasure into one central inbox then use the address tricks to distinguish between the two. It could be as simple as adding “+w” to your Gmail address for any work-related emails.

How to Use the Infinite Number of Email Addresses Gmail Gives You

That then gives you the ability to mark every incoming work email with an appropriate label, with no manual effort required—not only will your inbox look tidier, but it will make searches much more efficient. You can restrict queries to one particular label and leave yourself with fewer results to sift through.

How to customize the URL of your LinkedIn profile

How to customize the URL of your LinkedIn profile

Before customizing the URL of your LinkedIn profile, it’s best to ensure that all vital information is posted since it serves as your online resume. Think of the name that you wish to use in your URL. It must be composed of 3 to 30 numbers or letters. Special characters and spaces are not accepted.

    1. Log in to your LinkedIn account.
    2. Hover your mouse on “Profile”, which can be found on the top part of the screen, then click “edit profile”. (See Image Below)
    3. LinkedIn URL Settings

    4. Look below your photo and you’ll see your profile’s URL. Click the “edit” link next to it. (See Image Above)
    5. Under “Your public profile URL” on the lower right side of the window, click the “customize your public profile URL” link. (See Image Below)
    6. LinkedIn URL Settings

    7. Enter your preferred URL name in the field. (See Image Below)
    8. LinkedIn URL Settings

    9. Click “Set Custom URL”.
    10. LinkedIn URL Settings

    That’s how you customize your LinkedIn URL. For instance, if you entered “ChaNarula”, your URL will be “http://www.linkedin.com/in/ChaNarula“. LinkedIn URL can only be customized up to three times within six months. If you’ve changed it three times in less than six months, you must wait for the said period to pass before you can change your URL again.

Heartbleed Hitlist: What Password Should You Change

heartbleed
An encryption flaw called the Heartbleed bug is already being called one of the biggest security threats the Internet has ever seen. The bug has affected many popular websites and services — ones you might use every day, like Gmail and Facebook — and could have quietly exposed your sensitive account information (such as passwords and credit card numbers) over the past two years.

But it hasn’t always been clear which sites have been affected. Mashable reached out to various companies included on a long list of websites that could potentially have the flaw. Below, we’ve rounded up the responses from some of the most popular social, email, banking and commerce sites on the web.

Some Internet companies that were vulnerable to the bug have already updated their servers with a security patch to fix the issue. This means you’ll need to go in and change your passwords immediately for these sites. Even that is no guarantee that your information wasn’t already compromised, but there’s no indication that hackers knew about the exploit before this week.

Although changing your password regularly is always good practice, if a site or service hasn’t yet patched the problem, your information will still be vulnerable.

We’ll keep updating the list as new information comes in.

Social Networks

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
Facebook Unclear Yes Yes “We added protections for Facebook’s implementation of OpenSSL before this issue was publicly disclosed. We haven’t detected any signs of suspicious account activity, but we encourage people to … set up a unique password.”
LinkedIn No No No “We didn’t use the offending implementation of OpenSSL in http://www.linkedin.com or http://www.slideshare.net. As a result, HeartBleed does not present a risk to these web properties.”
Tumblr Yes Yes Yes “We have no evidence of any breach and, like most networks, our team took immediate action to fix the issue.”
Twitter Unclear Unclear Unclear Twitter has not yet responded to a request for comment.

Other Companies

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
Apple Unclear Unclear Unclear Apple has not yet responded to a request for comment.
Amazon No No No “Amazon.com is not affected.”
Google Yes Yes Yes* “We have assessed the SSL vulnerability and applied patches to key Google services.” Search, Gmail, YouTube, Wallet, Play, Apps and App Engine were affected; Google Chrome and Chrome OS were not.*Google said users do not need to change their passwords, but because of the previous vulnerability, better safe than sorry.
Microsoft No No No Microsoft services were not running OpenSSL, according to LastPass.
Yahoo Yes Yes Yes “As soon as we became aware of the issue, we began working to fix it… and we are working to implement the fix across the rest of our sites right now.” Yahoo Homepage, Yahoo Search, Yahoo Mail, Yahoo Finance, Yahoo Sports, Yahoo Food, Yahoo Tech, Flickr and Tumblr were patched. More patches to come, Yahoo says.

Email

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
AOL No No No AOL told Mashable it was not running the vulnerable version of the software.
Gmail Yes Yes Yes* “We have assessed the SSL vulnerability and applied patches to key Google services.”*Google said users do not need to change their passwords, but because of the previous vulnerability, better safe than sorry.
Hotmail / Outlook No No No Microsoft services were not running OpenSSL, according to LastPass.
Yahoo Mail Yes Yes Yes “As soon as we became aware of the issue, we began working to fix it… and we are working to implement the fix across the rest of our sites right now.”

Stores and Commerce

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
Amazon No No No “Amazon.com is not affected.”
Amazon Web Services(for website operators) Yes Yes Yes Most services were unaffected or Amazon was already able to apply mitigations (see advisory note here). Elastic Load Balancing, Amazon EC2, Amazon Linux AMI, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Ubuntu, AWS OpsWorks, AWS Elastic Beanstalk and Amazon CloudFront were patched.
Target No No No “[We] launched a comprehensive review of all external facing aspects of Target.com… and do not currently believe that any external-facing aspects of our sites are impacted by the OpenSSL vulnerability.”
eBay Unclear Unclear Unclear “The vast majority of our services were not impacted and our users can continue to shop securely on our marketplace.”
PayPal No No No “Your PayPal account details were not exposed in the past and remain secure.” Full Statement

Banks and Brokerages

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
Bank of America No No No “We’re currently taking precautions and steps to protect customer data from this threat and have no reason to believe any customer data has been compromised in the past.”
Chase No No No “These sites don’t use the encryption software that is vulnerable to the Heartbleed bug.”
E*Trade No No No E*Trade is still investigating.
Fidelity No No No “We have multiple layers of security in place to protect our customer sites and services.”
PNC No No No “We have tested our online and mobile banking systems and confirmed that they are not vulnerable to the Heartbleed bug.”
Schwab No No No “Efforts to date have not detected this vulnerability on Schwab.com or any of our online channels.”
Scottrade No No No “Scottrade does not use the affected version of OpenSSL on any of our client-facing platforms.”
TD Ameritrade No No No TD Ameritrade “doesn’t use the versions of openSSL that were vulnerable.”
TD Bank No No No “We’re currently taking precautions and steps to protect customer data from this threat and have no reason to believe any customer data has been compromised in the past.”
U.S. Bank No No No “We do not use OpenSSL for customer-facing, Internet banking channels, so U.S. Bank customer data is NOT at risk.”
Wells Fargo No No No No reason provided.

Government and Taxes

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
1040.com No No No “We’re not vulnerable to the Heartbleed bug, as we do not use OpenSSL.”
FileYour Taxes.com No No No “We continuously patch our servers to keep them updated. However, the version we use was not affected by the issue, so no action was taken.”
H&R Block Unclear No Unclear “We are reviewing our systems and currently have found no risk to client data from this issue.”
Healthcare .gov Unclear Unclear Unclear Healthcare.gov has not yet responded to a request for comment.
Intuit (TurboTax) Yes Yes Yes Turbotax “has examined its systems and has secured TurboTax to protect against the “Heartbleed” bug.” Full Statement
IRS Unclear Unclear Unclear “The IRS continues to accept tax returns as normal … and systems continue operating and are not affected by this bug. We are not aware of any security vulnerabilities related to this situation.”

Other

Was it affected? Is there a patch? Do you need to change your password? What did they say?
Dropbox Yes Yes Yes On Twitter: “We’ve patched all of our user-facing services & will continue to work to make sure your stuff is always safe.”
Evernote Unclear Unclear Unclear Evernote has not yet responded to a request for comment.
LastPass Yes Yes Yes “Though LastPass employs OpenSSL, we have multiple layers of encryption to protect our users and never have access to those encryption keys.”
Netflix Unclear Unclear Unclear “Like many companies, we took immediate action to assess the vulnerability and address it. We are not aware of any customer impact.”
OKCupid Yes Yes Yes “We, like most of the Internet, were stunned that such a serious bug has existed for so long and was so widespread.”
SoundCloud Yes Yes Yes “We will be signing out everyone from their SoundCloud accounts … and when you sign back in, the fixes we’ve already put in place will take effect.”
Spark Networks (JDate, Christian Mingle) No No No Sites do not use OpenSSL.
Wunderlist Yes Yes Yes “You’ll have to simply log back into Wunderlist. We also strongly recommend that you reset your password for Wunderlist.”Full Statement

SOURCE

What Comes After 4G

What is 5G

What Comes After 4G?

Wait wait wait, we’re talking about 5G mobile data now?! Ugh, but we just got 4G squared away. In any case, the ball is already rolling on the next generation of cellular technology, so we might as well figure out what in the hell IMT-Advanced is.

IMT-Advanced is the prototype of what 5G mobile broadband will be…

IMT-Advanced will not be the next mobile data technology that Verizon or Sprint or AT&T try and sell you. It’s what the WiMAX’s and LTE’s of the world will look to when jockeying to become the next mobile data spec. IMT has been one of the most influential organizations in developing mobile broadband standards over the past couple of decades, and now that they’ve put the finishing touches on their IMT-Advanced spec, that trend will continue. Think of it like those proto-cars at auto shows; you’ll see them someday, but they’ll go through some changes before hitting the road.

…brought into existence by the same people who created WiMax and LTE…

Two current standards are currently approved by IMT as meeting their Advanced spec: WirelessMAN-Advanced and and LTE-Advanced, which are based off the pre-existing WiMax and LTE technologies. LTE-Advanced is the obvious front runner, but you never know what could happen between now and then.

…that will promise faster data transfer speeds of 4G…

This is probably the least surprising part of 5G IMT-Advanced. It will be faster than 4G LTE and WiMAX. Both WiMax and LTE both promise theoretical download speeds over 100 Mbits/second. IMT-Advance technologies will have a theoretical max of 1 Gbit/second. Daily Trends says you’ll theoretically be able to download a 720p TV show in 90 seconds or less. FAST.

…fewer dead zones…

IMT-Advance technologies will not only to be able to allow more connections at each individual cellular hub, but will facilitate seamless handoffs when moving from one hub to another. Hopefully, that means good things for cities such as SF and NYC, which are affected both by heavy clusters of smartphone users and signal killers that are tall buildings.

…and could mean the end of data caps…

More bandwidth means less stress on the networks of mobile providers. Less stress on mobile networks means less of a need to impose data caps on consumers. If IMT-Advance delivers on its promise, we could see upward aspiring companies become competitive by racing to lift data caps.

…as early as 2014.

The earliest implementations of IMT-Advanced could arrive in a couple of years, as Daily Trends ponts out, but it’ll be longer than that before you see national coverage and a solid ecosystem of handsets. 4G LTE just grew into its own shoes, which came roughly four years after 3G did the same. Still though, how do you not get excited about 5G?!

Original Image via Lifehacker

SOURCE

Manage multiple users on Chrome

Do you share a computer with your family or friends on a regular basis? Do you want to keep your bookmarks, themes, and settings separate from everyone else’s? You can add new users to Chrome to let everyone have their own personalized copies of Chrome on the same computer.

Add a new user

  1. Click the Chrome menu Chrome menu on the browser toolbar and select Settings.
  2. In the “Users” section, click Add new user.
  3. A confirmation dialog appears, choose a picture and enter a name for the new Chrome user. Note: When you add a new Chrome user a desktop shortcut is created by default. If you don’t want a desktop shortcut uncheck the “Add desktop shortcut” checkbox. (Creating a desktop shortcut for new users allows each Chrome user on your computer to quickly access their profile. Different profiles are easily differentiated on the desktop by the different names and pictures associated with each profile.)
  4. Click Create.
  5. A new window for the user appears, with a picture you’ve chosen for the user in the top corner. Here, you can sign in to Chrome with a Google Account to associate the account with the user. Once signed in, all the bookmarks, apps, extensions, theme, and browser settings for the user will be synced to the account. Learn more about signing in to ChromeIf you prefer, you can also choose to skip this step and not sign in. Settings for the user will be saved only on your computer instead.

Edit a user

If you have multiple users associated with Chrome, you can change the label and icon associated with a particular user. Note: These settings are not available if you only have one user associated with the browser. You can only edit the current user.

  1. Click the icon in the top corner of your window and select the user you want to edit.
  2. A window for the user you’ve selected will appear. In that window, click the Chrome menu Chrome menu on the browser toolbar.
  3. Select Settings.
  4. In the “Users” section, select the user you’d like to edit.
  5. Click Edit.
  6. In the “Edit user” dialog that appears, you can choose a new name and icon for your user. You can also choose to Add or Remove a desktop shortcut.
  7. Click OK to save your changes.

Delete a user

  1. Open the window of the user you want to delete. (Check the icon in the top corner to make sure you’re in the right user.)
  2. Click the Chrome menu Chrome menu on the browser toolbar.
  3. Select Settings.
  4. In the “Users” section, select the user that you want to delete.
  5. Click Delete. Alternatively, you can click the X icon to the right of the user. Note: If there is only one user, you will see a Delete this user button instead.
  6. In the confirmation dialog that appears, click Delete.

Switch to another user

Click the icon on the top corner of the window or press Ctrl+Shift+M (Mac: ⌘-Shift-M) to select the user. No icon will appear if you only have one user associated with the browser.

Mac users: You can switch to another user by right-clicking the Chrome icon in the Dock and select a different user. Alternatively, you can click Users in the menu bar to switch to another user.

Chrome devices users: You can’t create multiple users using the above steps. Instead you’ll need to add accounts to the device.

Clever ways to fix bad eating habits

How food impacts your energy

When you’re hungry, a hormone produced in the stomach called ghrelin, interacts with the neutrotransmitter NPY in the brain, signaling to you that your body’s energy levels are low and you need food:

source: YouTube

NPY lives in the hypothalamus, a part of your brain that controls your energy levels, memory, and emotion.

In the context of food, the hypothalamus is like a 24-hour bouncerlooking out for your energy, keeping constant tabs on when you need your next meal.

Once you eat, your food breaks down into glucose, which is like fuel for your brain. In order to maintain alertness, your brain functions best when there is a consistant amount of glucose in your blood.

Leigh Gibson, a researcher from Roehampton University in England, noted:

The brain works best with about 25 grams of glucose circulating in the blood stream – about the amount found in a banana.

You can get this short-term glucose fix from a Snickers bar or a t-bone steak, but the trick to keep your energy levels functioning at peak performance is knowing which foods help you maintain optimal glucose levels while at the same time making you feel full longer.

In 2012, researchers at the University of Sydney created the satiety index, a guide for choosing foods to eat based on how full you’ll feel after and whether or not you’ll experience an energy crash.

Here’s a visual chart of the guide, showing how different foods stack up in terms of how you can expect to feel after eating them:

source: Massive Health

This chart takes into account how quickly glucose from certain types of food get released in your bloodstream (also called a food’s glycemic index).

To maintain your energy levels, you want to eat food like beans, fish, and most types of vegetables because they release glucose slowly into your bloodstream.

Meanwhile, high-carbohydrate or high-sugar foods like white bread, potatoes, and candy bars cause a rapid rise in glucose levels followed by a crash in energy.

This crash happens because of a spike in the release of insulin, a hormone that tells your body to suck up as much glucose as possible; which leads to you feeling tired and unmotivated.

To make matters worse, when you eat more food that’s high in carbohydrates and sugar, you need to eat even more of them to feel full.

Our love affair with junk food

Food psychologists believe that energy rich foods (like those high in fat and sugar) were attractive to early humans and needed to be taken advantage of if they became available:

source: YouTube

As a result, these foods became more desirable in order to survive.

The problem is, recent research indicates that continual intake of food that’s high in fat or sugar, overrides your body’s ability to tell you when you’re full.

So the more unhealthy food you eat, the more you desire it.

Why you crave “crispy”

As if it weren’t already hard enough to stop eating food high in fat and sugar, certain foods we would describe as being “crispy,” like potato chips or french fries, are even more hard-wired to be attractive to you.

Millions of years ago, early primates ate a lot of insects and plants. If something our ancestors ate was crispy, it was a sign of freshness and meant that it was safe to eat.

When John Allen, a research scientist at the University of Southern California, looked at brain scans when the word “crispy” was said, he found that areas in the brain started lighting up in the same way as if the crispy food was actually being eaten.

This finding was noted by Celebrity chef Mario Batali in his book The Babbo Cookbook,

“The single word ‘crispy’ sells more food than a barrage of adjectives…”

So when a menu describes a type of food as being “crispy”, you begin to have the same experience as if you are actually eating the food because of an innate desire for the sound of a crunch.

Diets suck

The crash diet always fails. Why? Because you’re trying to break years of your own eating habits while going against human evolution all in one swoop.

When researchers looked at the results across 31 studies on eating habits, they found that dieting doesn’t work in the long run. Within five years, about two-thirds of dieters gain the weight back (and sometimes more).

If you regularly skip a meal as part of a diet, you’ll be hungry and your brain makes even worse food choices when you haven’t eaten in a while.

That’s exactly what a team of researchers found when they asked people to fast overnight on two different days.

The first day, the participants were fed breakfast before looking at photos of high-calorie food.

The second day, they were not given breakfast and then had to look at the same photos.

The results of the study found that participants who were shown photos of high-calorie food without eating breakfast, showed more activation in areas of their brains that indicate desire, suggesting that fasting or dieting makes it harder to resist high-calorie food.

Solving the food-life balance

Whether you’re starting a new career or a family (or one of the other thousand moments that will inevitably occur in your life), making what you eat a priority is the single biggest change you could make to improve how you feel, the work you do, and how you treat the people around you.

I founded a company a year ago and getting my eating habits right has been a continuous experiment. It’s a work in progress but here’s what I do to sustain a healthy eating lifestyle.

1. Cut sugar and starch (gradually)

Eating too much high-sugar and high-carbohydrate food makes you feel like crap.

The challenging part about trying to cut these foods out of your eating schedule is you realize that pretty much everything sold at the grocery store or made in a restaurant has either a type of sugar or starch in it.

Here’s a guide that I use when buying food:

source: paleohacks.com

Cutting the majority of sugar and starch out of your diet is a dramatic change so you need to treat it like building a habit.

When you’re creating a new habit, it’s best to start small so you don’t become overwhelmed and feel guilty if you slip up.

Willpower is like a muscle, and the growth of it takes time.

When it comes to restructuring how you eat, the best thing to do is eat no high sugar or high starch foods for 4 days a week.

After two weeks, move to 5 days a week. Repeat this cycle once more so you’re at 6 days a week of healthy eating.

2. Removing guilt with a Cheat Day

I don’t want to go through life not being able to enjoy a Tim Horton’s cheese croissant once in a while (Yes, I’m an American-Canadian).

Because we are modern humans and have been living with tempation from fast food restaurants and vending machines our whole lives, letting yourself go one or two days a week won’t kill you.

On your Cheat Day, you can eat whatever you want, but stop when you feel full, rather than stuffed (don’t try to eat enough junk to make up for a week or you’ll feel awful for days).

If you can workout on your Cheat Day, even better. My Cheat Day foods are usually ones that have a high glycemic index (things like potatoes, french fries, and ice cream) which help in recovery from exercise.

3. Use a mint to master portion control

One of my biggest challenges is eating just enough to the point that I get full.

I have the tendency to overeat so one way I fight this is by having a mint or chewing gum once I feel full after a meal.

Because of mint’s strong scent, it naturally suppresses your appetite.

That’s exactly what psychologists at the University of West Virginia found when they gave people mints to sniff throughout the day.

The results of the study showed that people who inhaled mint, ate 3,000 fewer calories over the week.

Your sense of smell is a big part of your experience of food, so by controlling your scent you can somewhat control your appetite.

4. Replacing “crispy”

I have a mild addiction to chips. So one thing I’ve done that has worked well is replacing crispy chips with a healthier alternative that is also crispy – like a cucumber or bell pepper.

Granted, a cucumber may not offer the same explosion of flavor as chips, but after I’ve eaten it, I feel better and more full, curbing my desire to want more food.

5. Never skip breakfast

To regulate glucose levels, you should eat within 30 minutes of waking up. Research also shows that skipping breakfast may increase how much food you end up eating at lunch.

For breakfast, I’ll aim for something high in protein like an egg white omelet or oatmeal with blueberries, which keeps me feeling alert and full for hours.

What you eat reflects in everything you do. Eating well helps you be more creative, productive, and enjoyable to be around.

The hard part with eating right is there is no plan that is perfect for everyone. There’s no simple prescription. The only way to find what works for you is to experiment with what you eat and find something you can sustain that makes you feel alive.

SOURCE